Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Islamic Republic of Pakistan
27.04.2009 8:51
ENG O'ZB DON
















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Healthy Mother and Child

►The younger generation of Uzbekistan: Well-Being and Happiness of the Country

The people of Uzbekistan pin hopes on the younger generation. If you ask any of our compatriots about the meaning of life, they will reply without hesitations: seeing the happiness and well-being of their children.

It stands to reason why the first order of Uzbekistan was named ‘Soglom Avlod Uchun’ (For a Healthy Generation), and a monument to a mother and child stands on Independence Square. It is not easy to find a country in the world where people treat children so kindly, love and praise them infinitely.

The government has been paying close attention to the upbringing of healthy and comprehensively advanced generation.  The state youth policy ranks among priorities. Every step in this direction is supported by the population, causing excitement among the people.

There is a strong legislative foundation for the youth policy. The Law ‘On state youth policy in the Republic of Uzbekistan’ of November 20, 1991 was among the first laws adopted after gaining independence.

The issues of comprehensive protection of the interests of young people are reflected in the Constitution of Uzbekistan, 22 laws, many decrees and resolutions of the President and the Cabinet of Ministers. Uzbekistan ratified more than 30 international acts aimed at protecting the rights and interests of the younger generation.

Despite socio-economic difficulties, the improvement of the nation’s gene pool and education of harmoniously developed generation has been a priority from the first years of independence. The idea of healthy and well-educated young people as a foundation of the great state was put forward yet in those early days.

Over the years, the leadership created appropriate conditions for the children to be born and grow up healthy, get quality and up-to-date education, and established themselves as  worthy members of society. Reforms on mother and child protection, strengthening of social protection, improvement of education, children's sports development were successfully implemented. They complemented each other, building a coherent and inseparable system. Today, modern medical centers, educational institutions, sports facilities and youth palaces contribute to the upbringing of young people healthy and harmoniously developed personalities.

The concept of ‘state youth policy’ has been increasingly heard of late. It was defined in the recently approved law ‘On state youth policy’ in the new edition, which is another clear proof of close attention to young people. The act reflects a system of socio-economic, organizational and legal measures that are implemented by the state and provide for the creation of conditions for social establishment and development of intellectual, creative and other capacities in young people.

The new legal act was built on the law of 1991 and under the national program The Year of  Mother and Child Health to further streamline the mechanisms of formation and implementation of youth policy. The unified legislative act is aimed at a unified interpretation and targeted effect of the regulations, and clear definition of concepts of ‘youth’, ‘young family’, ‘young specialist’, ‘youth entrepreneurship’. It also settles the mechanisms aimed at streamlining the state youth policy, and stipulates government guarantees for young people.

The policy priorities include ensuring of social, economic, political and other rights and interests of children and young people, affordable and quality education for the younger generation, promotion of physical, intellectual and moral development, creation of conditions for employment, education in the spirit of respect for the laws, national and universal values, promotion of healthy lifestyle, development of sports and more.

The act specifies the mission and powers of central and local state youth policy makers and institutions, and their responsibility. The implementation of the provisions on involvement of public and particularly youth organizations, local authorities and the media in the youth policy is important because education of the younger generation is seen as a common concern of the state and society.

Support and encouragement of youth initiatives, priority of spiritual, moral and cultural values, prevention of discrimination of young people rank among main principles of the policy. It focuses on ensuring the rights, freedoms and lawful interests of young people, protection of their life and health, teaching them to withstand harmful influences and movements, and cultivating strong beliefs and outlooks.

The new law will provide a legal basis for further work on guaranteeing the rights and interests of young people, creation of conditions and opportunities for full-fledged and happy life, implementation of their creative and intellectual capacity, education of comprehensively developed personalities who fully meet the requirements of the 21st century.

2016 was declared the Year of Mother and Child Health in Uzbekistan. A healthy child is obviously born in a healthy and happy family, by a healthy mother. Tested by time, this truth is getting filled with deep content and a large-scale work.

Prospective spouses pass a procedure of pre-marital medical examination. Rural health units in all regions, regional diversified hospitals, perinatal and screening centers, gynecological and maternity hospitals provide women with qualified medical services. Adolescent girls and women of reproductive age are provided with free medical examination. Regular enlightenment activities improve their health culture, and promote healthy lifestyles.

As a result of abovementioned measures, Uzbekistan has significantly reduced the level of maternal and infant mortality, preventing hereditary diseases and congenital malformations. The incidence of acute respiratory viral infections, pneumonia, bronchitis, scoliosis has been decreasing in children. Weight and growth indicators in boys and girls comply with World Health Organization standards.

Development of children's sports has become another important component of raising a healthy generation. More than 2 million children are regularly engaged in 30 kinds of sports in modern sports complexes in all regions of the country, including remote villages. The involvement of girls in sports as future mothers, and strengthening of their health is of special attention.

Modern standard design houses that are currently being built in rural areas have been improving the conditions and quality of life of families, facilitating the life of women. As a result, they spend more time for themselves, their health and children. The younger generation is growing up healthy and with broad outlook in comfortable houses and modern conditions.

The policy has been producing a visible effect on health and development of our children.

Health implies not only physical but also intellectual perfection. In this context, the role of mothers is just boundless, as they spend the bulk of their time with children. A mother needs to be educated if she wants to raise polymathic personalities. Therefore, Uzbekistan has been attaching great importance to the education of girls, and providing them with up-to-date specialties.

In context of the youth policy, it would be appropriate to mention the Public Youth Movement Kamolot as one of the country’s largest nongovernmental organizations. It brings together about 5 million boys and girls. Annually, it initiates hundreds of projects on catalyzing social activity of youth. Such an approach promotes the establishment of politically competent, ideologically mature, and highly spiritual young men and women who are protected against alien ideological forces.

Three years ago, Kamolot kicked off a unique project of youth festival ‘We are the children of a great country!’. In a short time, the initiative has turned into a powerful nationa-wide movement. Youth festivals on March-June in all regions of Uzbekistan were dedicated to the 25th anniversary of independence.

As part of the project, young men and women were introduced to ongoing socio-political and socio-economic reforms and democratic transformations in Uzbekistan, realized the importance of favorable conditions that had been created for each of them.

The republican advocacy group, which was involved in youth festivals, included people of different ages and professions - MPs, researchers, athletes, entrepreneurs, farmers, poets and writers, actors of theater and cinema, pop and opera singers, musicians and artists. Most of them have a rich background of achievements in their profession. The rest are coevals of independence who have made a progress, which is worthy of admiration. They have witnessed changes in the minds of thousands of people, especially young people, the transformations in regions over the years of independence.

The tour of this year’s youth festival ‘We are the children of a great country’ has left a bright trace from Karakalpakstan to the Ferghana Valley. The participants held nearly 1,500 events in different parts of the country, awakening a sense of pride for the beloved homeland in the hearts of young men and women.

Provision of young families with apartments in Kamolot houses is another important project of the youth organization. A husband and a wife under 30 at the moment of submission of application have a right for such an accommodation on the basis of mortgage loans if they are registered as subject to the improvement of housing conditions, and made big progress in science, art, literature, sport and other areas.

Apartments are available through preferential mortgage loans of commercial banks to repay the cost of housing for a period of 20 years, and loans of five year grace period, without initial payment, and the interest rate equal to the refinancing rate of the Central Bank, which expand the capacity of young families for prompt repayment of loans.

The newlyweds are provided with double-room apartments, and families with two or more children – with two-bedroom apartments. This is a motivation for strengthening and further expansion of young families.

There are many similar projects. The number of projects implemented in the social and legal area alone has increased fivefold, and the number of their participants has increased by eight times over the past five years.

Civil society institutions, including self-government bodies, have been actively involved in the implementation of youth policy along with government agencies. It is the mahalla, like one big family, tirelessly cares for bringing children up healthy and smart.

Public commissions under citizens' assemblies make a big contribution to this work. For instance, commissions on education and spirituality promote careful preservation and enhancement of cultural values, and cultivation of the best human qualities of love and devotion to the homeland in young people. The local commissions on minors, youth and sports create conditions for strengthening health of young people and their regular exercise, prevention of offenses.

The contribution of commissions on women issues is remarkable: they initiate events on provision of girls with education and profession, future mother’s health, raising children.

Parent Universities under citizens’ assemblies provide consulting for young mothers and fathers by psychologists, doctors, lawyers and other professionals, and reputable residents of local communities with a wealth of life experience. They team up with medical institutions for regular medical check-ups of women, children and adolescents. Public groups Mahalla Posboni help with patriotic education and crime prevention. There is a system-based monitoring of employment of graduates of vocational colleges. The issues of their employment are effectively addressed through their involvement in entrepreneurship.

Consultants of citizens' assemblies on religious, spiritual and moral education keep close contacts with educational institutions, healthcare institutions, nongovernmental organizations. Meetings and seminars with different experts have grown into a good platform for exchanging experience in rehabilitation of social and spiritual atmosphere in families, preparation of young people for family life.

The unique mechanism of interaction ‘family - mahalla - educational institution’ is highly relevant. It is called to streamline the performance of the three basic institutions and strengthen cooperation between them, which requires good knowledge and professionalism.

Workshops on ‘Priority aspects of implementation of the mechanism ‘family - mahalla - educational institution’ are held in all regions of the country for representatives of governmental and public organizations that are engaged in education.

Manuals and guidelines on further strengthening of the role of parents in children's development make the work more effective. Specialists hold regular educational conversations with parents and students on ‘Raising a child is a fruit of the Future’, ‘Family as a sacred concept’, ‘The spiritual unity of the mahalla and family’, and others.

During such events, activists of citizens’ assemblies, teachers and parents together discuss the ways of improving quality of education at schools, enhancement of children’s interest in classes, cultivation of healthy lifestyles in them, crime prevention, addictions, protection of teenagers from the influence of the mass culture, which is alien to the Uzbek mentality, and other relevant topics. The performance and behavior of students is constantly monitored.

... Education of harmoniously developed generation is a continuous process. It requires constant implementation of a broad range of tasks, close attention and responsibility of each person, each family, the whole society, and huge funds for the implementation of the state youth policy, which are spared by the government.

Uzbekistan has many reasons for being proud of its young people with firm convictions and active civic position, devoted to the Motherland. One can not but be proud of, for example, our Olympians and Paralympians who brought an unprecedented ‘harvest’ of medals from Rio de Janeiro, and raised high the prestige of the Uzbek sports. One can not but be proud of our students, who win subject Olympiads each year, suggesting the uniqueness of the National Staff Training Program, which already produces an ‘explosive’ effect, our young artists, as they demonstrate the value of the national culture at home and abroad.

Today’s boys and girls are the children of independence. They set high goals for themselves, they are responsible and implicated in the fate of the homeland, and see service for the benefit of its prosperity as a sacred duty. Each of them believes that he is the son or daughter of a great country.

It is worth to refer to the results of sociological survey of Ijtimoiy Fikr Center, as it identified life priorities in present young people. Its main idea comes to the fact that the absolute majority of young men and women see themselves as patriots of Uzbekistan. Selfless service to the Motherland and readiness to defend it, promotion of people’s fame and value of national traditions, study of the heritage of our great ancestors, history of the native land and works of the state leader are highly relevant among the youth.

The study revealed high optimism in young people, clear plans for the future, which are associated with the desire to become good specialists and serve to the fatherland, as well as with the creation of a family.

The people who have grown the younger generation with such qualities can look with confidence to the future.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

 

►The problems of protection of the family, motherhood and childhood, increasing the population’s awareness about the medical culture have been raised to the level of state policy in Uzbekistan

Maternal and child health is an important indicator of the level of socio-economic development of the country. The preservation of the gene pool of the nation depends, after all, largely on the health of mothers.

This was emphasized at the International “round table” meeting on the subject “Protection of motherhood and childhood is the basis of sustainable development of society: Uzbekistan’s experience”, which was held in Tashkent.

The forum was organized by the Ministry of Healthcare, Women’s Committee of Uzbekistan, Independent Institute on monitoring the formation of civil society (IIMFCS), the UN Population Fund and other organizations. Taking part in it were parliamentarians, representatives of government, public, foreign and international organizations and experts.

The event represented Uzbekistan’s experience in the sphere of consolidation of reproductive health of the population, protection of motherhood and childhood, first and foremost, in remote rural areas.

Particular attention is paid to the tasks provided for by the government programs aimed at ensuring the birth and upbringing of healthy children. Thus, in accordance with the State Program on further strengthening reproductive health, protection of maternal, child and adolescent health in Uzbekistan for 2014-2018 are being solved urgent problems on a broad and equitable access to quality health care, improvement of material and technical base and personnel potential of medical institutions, introduction of modern methods of diagnosis, and provision of skilled healthcare to mothers, children and adolescents.

Vertical management structure in the treatment process has been built in recent years to secure quality medical service, and were created for the further implementation of diagnostics and treatment methods, consistent with the recommendations of international organizations, stressed the speakers.

“The UN Population Fund renders Uzbekistan assistance in ensuring general access to services on the protection of reproductive health,” noted head of the UNPF in Uzbekistan Mieko Yabuta. “We have established close cooperation in this sphere with the Women’s Committee of the republic and the Ministry of Healthcare. Your country has achieved significant progress in all fields through consistent implementation of state programs and realizing the Sustainable Development Goals.

Also were noted great activities carried out on the development and strengthening of material and technical basis of medical facilities, including maternity hospitals, perinatal and screening centers, and rural medical stations.

The forum participants emphasized that successful work on the improvement of the healthcare system, protection of maternity and childhood was continued within the framework of the State program “The Year of Healthy Mother and Child”. Regular in-depth medical examinations have been organized across the country. Pregnant women are provided with multivitamin pills. Weeks of health-improvement of women of childbearing age, children and adolescent girls, the campaign “No one will be left without attention and care” and other events are being organized on a regular basis.

The social partnership between government authorities and civil society institutions in the implementation of state programs on the protection of motherhood and childhood and raising the medical awareness of the population aroused special interest. Great enlightenment activity is being carried out in this area in the communities and the healthy lifestyle is being introduced in the society. All conditions are being created on the basis of the principle “Healthy mother - healthy child” for involving women into mass sports movement. Cooperation between family, makhalla and educational institutions is a very important element of this activity.

Within the framework of the international “round table” foreign experts - leading specialists in reproductive health from Spain, Germany, Hungary, as well as representatives of international organizations in Uzbekistan visited the family polyclinic No.23 in Uchtepa district of the capital city, where they acquainted themselves with the work of the doctors and patronage nurses and attended the citizens’ assembly at the “Zhurzhony” makhalla.

This polyclinic has been operating since 2006. 20 general practitioners receive patients at this polyclinic fitted out with modern medical equipment. These include ultrasound devices, electric cardiographers and digital X-ray. Also functions here a physiotherapy department. The physical therapy room is fitted out with fitness equipment. Doctors carefully monitor the health of 9084 women of fertile age from nine neighboring makhallas.

“I am amazed at the extent of the work carried out on the improvement of the population’s reproductive health and the care about the youth,” said the HM Hospitals’ expert on public health Javier Casquero Lara (Spain). “Together with a group of experts within the international “round table” we visited a family polyclinic and a makhalla. I am delighted with what I have been able to see”.

The event participants adopted recommendations, which will form the basis for further activities on the protection of motherhood and childhood in our country.

►HAPPY FAMILIES AND CHILDREN

The strengthening of families, mother and child health, upbringing of healthy and comprehensively advanced generation are the key priorities of the national program The Year of Mother and Child Health. More than 4.4 trillion soums (currency rates of CB RU from 01.08.2016, 1$= 2964.03 soums) and $111 million have already been invested for these purposes.

Life with comfort

Major construction has been in progress throughout the country. Towns and villages are getting more beautiful in full view. Most importantly, the large-scale transformations raise the living standards of the population, creating decent social, household and medical conditions.

By the end of the year, it is planned to complete the construction of 13,000 standard design houses concurrently with engineering, communication, social and market infrastructure. Over the years of the project implementation, several hundreds of thousands of families have been provided with modern and comfortable housing.

The provision of individual houses with electricity and natural gas has been of particular attention. The construction of 296.3 km of energy networks and 307.5 km of gas pipelines is currently underway. 1,300 km of water pipes are currently being built to supply the settlements with quality drinking water.

It is hard to imagine modern life without home appliances. The national program “The Year of Mother and Child Health” envisages the assistance for low-income families with purchasing household appliances. In particular, the Council of Federation of Trade Unions procures electrical appliances for 3,000 women from low-income families living in remote rural areas.

Young families are supported by means of mortgage loans for housing construction and renovation, purchase of household appliances. The central and commercial banks, the Council of Federation of Trade Unions work in this direction.

Health in the spotlight

The provision of health facilities with modern equipment has been underway. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Health has been attaching importance to the rational use of new technologies in strengthening people’s health. In order to make the ongoing measures even more effective, the medical workers are focused on the early revealing of diseases.

A Medical Nursing Month is currently underway across the country. It is the second rally this year to last until August 11. During the previous month on March 1 - April 1, more than 19 million people were covered with medical examination.

This time, it is planned to cover the same number of people. Appointments and examinations are carried out by over 30,000 general practitioners and visiting nurses, as well as hundreds of specialists in 30 areas of medicine.

Strengthening of families and mother health, and, as commented by the Ministry of Health, the monthly campaigns have been contributing to the development of preventive medicine, introduction of the principles of general practice, as well as early detection of diseases and prevention of complications.

In addition to preventive rounds, together with representatives of citizens' assemblies specialists study the aspects of the health and social status of families, health-related issues, the disease causing factors, and develop the respective measures to eliminate the shortcomings they had revealed.

The events on the prevention of diseases and the basics of healthy lifestyles will take place in communities, educational institutions and at enterprises with the involvement of citizens assemblies’ enthusiasts, representatives of the Women's Committee, the Nuroniy Foundation, Public Youth Movement Kamolot, educational institutions and non-profit organizations.

It is important that each family was provided a qualified medical assistance. In this context, the workers of rural health units are supported by specialists of the republican medical institutions, who go to the regions on working trips.

The ‘Salomatlik’ (Health) train returned to Tashkent on May 25 from a regular trip. This time, it run on a route Tashkent–Sariosiyo–Kumkurgan–Boysun–Oqrabat–Dehkonobod. It was the second train from the beginning of the year. The first route passed through the settlements of Navoi region.

Each train brings not just highly skilled physicians who conduct medical examinations of women and children on the spot, but also medicines, hygiene products, clothing and other stuff that the people in remote settlements need.

All rallies are aimed at early revealing of diseases, and are conducted in collaboration with the headmost national research institutes and specialized medical centers.

Qualified medical care today is not seen as the only way to promote health. Physical culture and sports occupy an important place in addressing the pressing issues of healthy lifestyles.

The development of infrastructure and construction of modern sports facilities has been in progress throughout the country. The previously built structures are effectively used as well. They host not just sports sections, but also different level competitions.

The republican competitions for the Kamolot Football Cup among educational institutions have been growing popular. The young people are currently actively getting prepared for the next republican sports competitions Young Guards.

The finals of sports games Universiade-2016 in May in Ferghana has become one of the greatest events of the year. The course of the competitions was enthusiastically followed by the whole country by television.

A Shared Mission

Uzbekistan has widely marked the International Day of Family on May 15. It was a kind of a review of the ongoing work on support of families in terms of upbringing a harmoniously developed generation. After all, nurturing of children is a mission of each family and also the state.

Summer, the time for the longest holidays, is at its height. However, educational, youth sports schools, music and art schools and Barkamol Avlod centers are full of life. Their doors are open to all girls and boys at the place of residence, providing all the conditions for eventful leisure of children. There is a huge range of useful classes, as never before.

The fuss about distributing the ninth-graders in the academic lyceums and vocational colleges has left behind. The State Testing Center has recently announced the results of the qualifying tests for lyceum and college students. It remains to determine the educational institutions for those who failed to contest the most popular institutions.

171 secondary special education institutions held entrance tests for students. The rest lyceums and colleges enrolled young people without examinations.

Over the last five years the country has ensured a full coverage of ninth graduates with education in academic lyceums and vocational colleges. A particular emphasis is placed on vocational guidance, so that everyone could obtain the desired profession based on his or her aptitudes. Much attention has been paid to girls in the current year under the national program the Year of Mother and Child Health. Colleges organized meetings for school and college students to help them with choosing the appropriate vocation.

The launch platform

One of the sections of the national program the Year of Mother and Child Health is dedicated to strengthening the role of the system of education in the formation of healthy generation. Overhaul and construction of educational facilities are in progress across the country. Every effort is taken to provide good education for children.

This is especially relevant when it comes to pre-school education institutions, which are attended by a quarter of children. The program for overhaul and equipping nursery schools goes in line with the measures on the increase of their intake.

The creation of short stay groups is underway. It is planned to open 1,200 of them by the end of the year. Such a practice has proven itself good for the families who prefer raising children by their own. The short stay groups are advantageous by the timetable and the cost of services, but most importantly, a child is brought up by qualified specialists, who ensure that the children are ready for school.

The children who do not attend pre-school institutions are also in the view of experts: 200,000 families with children aged 3-6 years will get seven titles of books to prepare for school. The lists have been already compiled.

The ministries and agencies develop the whole range of projects to further improve the quality of education.

The work on the program on preparation and publishing of a new generation of textbooks for secondary schools in 2016-2020 has been in progress. Before the new textbooks are developed, the new standards for teaching school subjects will be introduced in the system.

It is envisaged to apply a fundamentally new methodology of learning, primarily on the exact and natural sciences. The innovations will focus on the effective cultivation of skills of practicing the theory in students.

Textbooks will be brought into compliance with the new program too. It is planned to involve not just the leading national experts, but also experts of the best training centers in Germany, Singapore, the Republic of Korea and Japan, as well as international scientists and experts. They will be based on the experience of preparing modern textbooks in English.

The textbooks of the new generation will fundamentally differ from the present ones. First of all, they will coupled with the methodological guide for teachers. Secondly, they will have a multimedia application (electronic applications, audios, videos). The kits on certain subjects will include the student workbooks

A Step Towards Independent Life

It stands to reason that the program spotlights the measures on ensuring employment for vocational college graduates. On the one hand, it implies the care of children who come into an independent life. On the other hand, this is the concern for creating the conditions for the birth and upbringing of the new generation. If the newlyweds work and maintain an affluent family, they will respectively provide all the conditions for good education of their children.

A mechanism of employment of graduates of secondary specialized educational institutions has been streamlined this year. In order to ensure their practical training and employment, the responsible executives concluded not tripartite, but quadripartite agreements. From now and on, the employment of graduates has become a common concern, including the head of the educational institution, the head of the district administration, and an employer. Specialized offices have been established in all districts. Over 200,000 companies and businesses have been involved in the solution of this task.

The outreach activities on entrepreneurial issues have been held among the graduates. Experts expect that about 20,000 college graduates be take on business this year.

THE MONTH OF PATRONAGE BEGAN IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE FACILITIES OF OUR COUNTRY.

The purpose of this medical-social action, organized at the initiative of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, is to continue the further improvement of medical and social services provided for population, the provision of health care for women of childbearing age, pregnant women, children, people in need of constant care, lone elderly, disabled persons, the chronically ill and vulnerable patients.

The action, which took place in the family polyclinic №3 in Mirabad district of the capital, was conducted at the high organizational level. The facility, constructed in accordance with modern requirements and recently commissioned, provides with medical and social services residents of 12 mahallas. The medical facility employs 50 general practitioners and patronage nurses, specialists in more than 10 medical specialties.

Along with the residents of the nearby mahallas, family polyclinic provides primary health care to pupils and students of 19 pre-school educational institutions, schools, colleges and lyceums.

A good result in the organization of patronage activities gives the interaction between family polyclinic and mahallas, educational institutions and non-governmental organizations. The result of this is the stability of sanitary-epidemiological situation, ensuring the prevention, medical and social protection of motherhood and childhood.

The Month of Patronage is an important factor in the implementation of large-scale tasks, aimed at protecting human health.

According to the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in primary health care facilities was carried out active preparation for next month of patronage. The medico-social action, which runs until August 11, will be attended by over 30 thousand general practitioners and patronage nurses, specialists in more than 30 directions of medicine.

During the Month of Patronage in addition to preventive visits in conjunction with gatherings of citizens of mahallas, will be explored medical and social condition of families, health-related problems, the factors that contribute to the occurrence of disease, as well as will be developed appropriate measures to eliminate existing deficiencies.

In the mahallas, educational institutions and enterprises will be held events, dedicated to the prevention of diseases and the basics of a healthy lifestyle, with the participation of mahalla activists, representatives of the Women's Committee of Uzbekistan, the Fund of Social Support Veterans “Nuroniy”, the Public Youth Movement “Kamolot”, the education system and other non-governmental non-profit organizations.

 

ON VACATION WITH KIDS

More than 200 suburban children's health camps have welcomed their vacationers, among them a new camp "Beshbuloq-Surkhon-Sherobod" in Sherobod district of Surkhandaryo region.

Its construction has been financed on account of the Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan, which had allocated 5,5 billion soums, and carried out within the framework of the State Program “The year of Healthy Mother and Child”

The camp occupies the area of 4,5 hectares and it accommodates sleeping blocks, a medical center, a dining room, a swimming pool, sports fields, and storerooms. All conditions are there for the operation of a library and amateur circles.

Also was landscaped and beautified the adjoining territory: an asphalted road was laid out and pavilions built for visiting parents.

“We have tried to do everything in our power to turn the camp into a favorite holiday place not only for kids, living in the Surkhondaryo region, but also for children from other regions of the republic,” said Tanzila Norboyeva, chairperson of the Council of Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan at the camp’s opening ceremony.

The camp welcomed 250 boys and girls in the first shift and overall 1,3 thousand school children will spend their holidays during the summer season.

“It’s so hot now in our native Termez, but the air is so fresh up here in the mountains,” says Zukhra Ollomurodova. “In addition, we enjoy excellent health and leisure programs, various sporting and cultural events.”

The opening ceremony included the "Trade Unions - to children" traditional event. Cultural and educational activities with the participation of famous poets, writers, musicians and scientists were held in the summer camp. Songs about motherland, independence, peace and prosperity resounded during the event.

 

YOUTH AS THE LOCOMOTIVE

The German charity company Kinder sollen sehen e.V. has organized a presentation in the city of Odenthal informing about the Uzbek National Program “Year of healthy mother and child”.

The audience was provided with information on the priority directions of the state social policy. It was noted that for the implementation of the State Program “Year of healthy mother and child” is spent more than 7 trillion soums. In addition to strengthening the material-technical base of medical and preschool facilities, the tasks designated in the document are the improvement of legislation and the regulatory framework regarding the protection of the family, motherhood and childhood. Also, the participants spoke about the measures taken in the country to popularize physical culture and sports, building new and consolidating the material-technical base of the existing sports facilities, outfitting them with modern equipment and inventory, staffing with highly qualified coaches and mentors.

The German side highly appreciated the achievements of Uzbekistan in the reduction of maternal and child mortality, as well as the results of the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals. According to a board member of charity Kinder sollen sehen e.V., Ralf Oertel, “During today’s event, we learned about the main directions of the republic’s social policy in the context of implementation of the state program “Year of healthy mother and child”. Comprehensive measures to boost a stable and prosperous society are really impressive. Worthy of attention have been the efforts directed at the development of children’s and women’s sports. The increasing number of women engaged in various sports is a clear evidence of the effectiveness of the work.”

According to the lawyer Ulrich Geidel, symbolic is that the “Year of healthy mother and child” has coincided with the celebration of the 25th anniversary of independence. The State Program is a clear evidence of the commitment of the country’s leadership to consolidate the political and economic independence, the basis and the driving force of which is mentally and physically healthy young generation” noted the expert.

WEBSITE "GOVERNMENT THROUGH CHILDREN'S EYES" LAUNCHES

A new website "Government through children's eyes» has been launched on the Internet (www.kids.gov.uz) within the framework of the governmental portal of the Republic.

The website has been developed in connection with the announcement of 2016 year as the "Year of a healthy mother and child", as well as the logical continuation of ongoing large-scale work on the formation of harmoniously developed generation through the widespread introduction of advanced information and communication technologies, to familiarize children with the such concepts as "state" and "government", providing general information about Uzbekistan.

The website has been developed by the Centre for development and introduction of computer and information technologies "Uzinfocom" under the Ministry for Development of Information Technologies and Communications of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The website is designed for children aged from 6 to 12 years and comprises general information about Uzbekistan, the structure of the government, and other information.

Because of the new website is a pilot project, it is envisaged that in the future it will be improved on the basis of received suggestions and proposals.

 

RAISING SPIRITUALITY AND CONSOLIDATING KNOWLEDGE

Great attention in Uzbekistan is attached to bringing up a harmoniously developed growing generation and to protection of the health of mother and child. This was the subject of discussion at a press-conference held by the Republican Center of Spirituality in Tashkent. 

The staff of the Center spoke about the activities carried out within the framework of the State Program “The Year of Healthy Mother and Child.”

In particular, jointly with the bodies of citizens’ self-government, educational institutions, and the Scientific-practical Center of National Idea and Ideology have been elaborated information materials on such topics as “Healthy spirit in a healthy body”, “Children’s commitments before their parents”, “Sport is a guarantee of human health” and many others. They are used by specialists in their discussions and meetings with young people.

Slides dedicated to “The Year of healthy Mother and Child” have been prepared to be handed over to higher educational institutions, schools, children’s educational establishments, as well as to regional and territorial branches of the Center. They are designed to raise the spirituality of the growing generation, consolidation of knowledge about a family and healthy way of life. 

The Republican Center of Spirituality held spiritual-enlightenment events, “round table” discussions and meetings in makhallas, at enterprises and organizations, educational institutions aimed at protecting the health of mothers and children and for the purpose of disseminating the ideas of the healthy way of life. These undertakings help explain the essence and significance of reforms carried out in the sphere of bringing up physically and spiritually healthy generation among the population, in the first place, among the youth. 

SUMMER, VACATION AND …

Merely a few days separate school-children from 1st to 8th grades from the long-awaited summer vacation. The grade transfer exams will be completed rather soon ... Everything is ready for the children, including meaningful and interesting summer vacations.         

The Ministry of Public Education had even specifically prepared a special concept, which envisages carrying out a number of different cultural and sporting events. Not a single school and not a single out-of-school educational establishment will remain aloof from organization of meaningful summer leisure activities.

The upcoming holiday is an object of attention and care from the side of many Ministries and agencies. In particular, the Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan traditionally contributes its great share to the organization of summer leisure time. It heads the movement on arranging the children’s health-improvement summer camps. Overall, more than 300 thousand children will take their rest at them. Boys and girls will get an opportunity to improve their health at preferential terms, while for children from towns and villages with unfavorable natural-climatic conditions of the Aral Sea zone such an opportunity will be provided totally for free. 

A targeted program on strengthening the material and technical base of children’s health-improvement camps has been elaborated and implemented on the construction of new and reconstruction of existing camps within the framework of the State program “The Year of Healthy Mother and Child”.  Thus, the construction of a new “Amudaryo sokhili” camp for 200 cots is nearing completion in Surkhondaryo region, the reconstruction of one of the oldest “Boghi shamol” camps has already been practically finished in Andijon, “Beshbuloq Surkhon-Sherobod” – in Surkhondaryo region and “Avtomobilchi” camp – in Khorezm region.

213 stationary camps, which, as a rule, are located far away from the cities and major settlements, out in the mountains or by water ponds have already been prepared for the coming summer season. The content of leisure is in the center of attention of organizers of children’s recreation: they try to do everything in their power so that every child could choose summer leisure depending on his/her hobbies and interests. Specialized summer camps are planned to be set up: 14 ecological and biological camps; 14 camps of technical creativity; and there is a novelty – 14 fine art creativity camps. The campers will learn there the secrets of different types of fine arts; and dance, theatrical and such other artistic circles will be set up there. 15 intellectual development camps will accommodate 520 children who manifested the best results at the traditional “Bilimlar bellashuvi” school contest.

The tradition of organizing daytime camps under schools will be continued. More than 850 such camps were set up this year. This way the children, enjoying their leisure at the pace of their residence, will have an excellent opportunity to spend their summer time in a meaningful and interesting way. A diverse cultural and educational program is awaiting them. Every day will be filled with interesting and enthralling events for campers as well as various contests and competitions. 

POPULATION SATISFIED WITH MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS

A health week arranged at the initiative of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan under the slogan “May nobody be left without love and attention” is continuing at a high level in the Republic of Qoraqalpogiston too.

Today qualified medics are providing services for people at 37 hospitals and 188 rural medical establishments in the Republic of Qoraqalpogiston.

“During the health week as part of the Year of Maternal and Child Health state programme, specialists who came from the capital city, including cardiologists, general practitioners, ophthalmologists, dentists, neurologists and trauma surgeons, fist of all are carrying out medical examinations of children, women of fertile age and old-age disabled people,” says the chairwoman of the department for work with mass media of the Qoraqalpogiston branch of the Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, Tamara Ganiyeva.

Doctors at the multi-function polyclinics at the Nukus town medical association also pay special attention to improving maternal and child health and to raising the quality and effectiveness of medial services.

As part of these medical examinations, qualified specialists, experienced doctors visited neighbourhoods and met people with limited possibilities and old people, and they also conducted explanatory conversations so that a healthy lifestyle takes hold in families and that people’s medial culture improves. 

 

CHILDREN SHOULD BE HEALTHY

“The Week of Healthy Child” has ended in Uzbekistan. The Ministry of Health has realized a set of measures on the prevention and treatment of helminthosis.

Our correspondent has spoken with doctor-parasitologist of the Republican Center of the State Sanitary-Epidemiological Supervision Service, Svetlana Tsoi, on the outcomes of the accomplished work.

“How pressing is the problem of helminthosis today?”

“According to data of the World Health Organization the helminthosis is rated third in the structure of human infectious diseases, while the economic damage inflicted by intestinal helmenthiosis holds the fourth place among all diseases and traumas. 

More than 270 thousand patients infested with one or another type of helminthes are revealed in the Republic annually. In 80% of cases they affect children. This is due to re-infection as a result of unstable personal hygienic habits, and immaturity of the child’s safety barriers and low stomach acidity. The clinical picture of helminthosis infections is very diverse, and the severity of their manifestations depends on the massiveness of infection, and the condition of the human body.        

The helminthes, highlighting the products of their livelihoods, cause toxic lesions and allergic reactions. According to some estimates, giardia is detected in 69% of patients with allergic dermatosis, enterobiosis – in 6%, and ascariasis in 3% of patients.”                  

“The Republic implements a program for 2015-2018 on the prevention and treatment of children’s helminthosis. Is it the first targeted program?”

“The targeted work has been carried out since 2011. With the assistance of the World Health Organization within the framework of the International “Children without helminthes” program the country has received humanitarian aid in the form of medicinal preparations for the treatment of contact (enterebiosis) and geohelminthes (ascariasis, trichocephalosis) diseases. 300 thousand primary school children undergo prophylactic therapy on this program every year, which helped identify children affected by helminthes.

The Initiative of championship in hygiene” implemented by the Ministry of Public Education jointly with UNICEF has turned into another major project in this sphere. It was carried out in the schools of Fergana, Namangan, Samarkand and Surkhandarya regions. There have been organized sanitary posts, health corners and open “Tales of immunity” lesson-games held at the project’s all pilot schools. About 3000 children have received relevant treatment.”

“Can you tell us in detail about the activities directed against helminthes under the program?”

“Prevention, diagnostics and treatment of helminthosis is carried out in accordance with the standards elaborated and introduced within the framework of the program. This helped to unify and raise the quality of rendered assistance.

Monitoring and assessment of events on the prevention of helminthosis has been raised to a decent level. One of them included conducting laboratory testing of primary school children for the presence of intestinal helminthes, as well as an opinion poll held among school children and their parents on their awareness about hygiene in Surkhondaryo, Qashqadaryo, Horezm, and Jizzah regions and the Republic of Karakalpakstan in 2015. As a result of laboratory tests mass de-helmintization with the utilization of special medicinal preparations was organized at 225 schools.

To reduce the level of morbidity and infection rate of children aged between 2 to 10 years, the event will be carried out twice a year on the de-worming of children. To conduct a mass campaign in 2016 for the prevention of children’s infection, 8.1 million anti-helminthic tablets were purchased in the UK.”

 

THE EXHIBITION “WE ARE HAPPY KIDS” AT THE CARAVANSERAI

The exhibition titled “We are Happy Kids” organized at the International Caravanserai of Culture named after Ikuo Hirayama of the Academy of Arts of Uzbekistan.

At the exhibition, organized in the framework of the State program “Year of Healthy Mother and Child” and dedicated to the International Children's Day, the members of the Children's Creativity Center “Barkamol Avlod” (Comprehensively Advanced Generation) of Yakkasaray district, presented works in the fields of fine and applied arts.
Special attention in our country is paid to the identification and full support of talented children. As a result, pupils are actively involved in exhibitions, biennales, and art festivals. 
The works of members of the center in the field of painting, gold embroidery, miniatures, pottery, and beadwork were presented for the audience. The creative works are displayed love and attention to the future of the young generation, its education and health. 

 

TRAININGS FOR OBSTETRICIANS AND GYNECOLOGISTS

Starting with the second quarter the Ministry of Healthcare commences the implementation of a new complex of measures on raising the qualification level of obstetricians, gynecologists and pediatricians.

It envisages the improvement of the system of re-training and raising the qualification level of specialists, specifically the practical utilization of modern medical equipment. The project realized by the Ministry of Healthcare jointly with UNICEF, is focused on training obstetricians-gynecologists, neonatologists, anesthesiologists, resuscitators, accoucheurs and nurses.
Prior to proceeding with the educational section of the program the Ministry of Healthcare plans to approve and launch the introduction of standards on rendering assistance to women and newborns, as well as children at different levels of aid, which had been developed in recent years on the basis of foreign best practices.

Jointly with the KfW-bank and GIZ, the Ministry of Healthcare will start the implementation of still another complex of undertakings designed to be realized till the year 2019. They are aimed at raising the potential of medical personnel of republican and regional children’s multi-profile medical centers through training pediatricians at the leading clinics of the republic and Germany on rendering specialized assistance to children. Another part of these measures are aimed at raising the qualification level of medical and technical personnel to work on high-technological equipment.
 This complex of undertakings envisages also the training of healthcare management on conducting the analysis and organization of events in the field of protection of mother and child health. 150 medical staff members will undergo a course on nursing newborn babies and children back to health. 

 

GERMAN DOCTORS TO EXAMINE UZBEK CHILDREN

A German delegation made up of specialists of Friedensdorf International has visited Uzbekistan. The visit comes as part of the German organization's interaction with Uzbekistan's Ministry of Health.

During the current visit the group is planning to examine children from various regions of Uzbekistan. These efforts have been undertaken in line with the country's state policy priorities. Provision of assistance with complex surgeries and continuous treatment of children is one of the core tasks of the State Program "Year of the Healthy Mother and Child". The involvement or international organizations and foreign partners in the program paves the way for better-quality work and helps further improve the younger generation's health.

As Friedensdorf International program coordinator Maria Tinnefeld noted, this is not their first visit to Uzbekistan. "The purpose of our visit is to help diagnose various disorders in children and organize treatment procedures for them, including surgeries if necessary, in Germany's top clinics," Tinnefeld said. "During the two days, we examined children from various parts of the country. Thanks to developed medicine and highly qualified medical personnel, Uzbekistan now has the opportunity to ensure speedy treatment of complex diseases, and the bulk of little patients we have examined can receive medical aid in their home countries. And it is our hope that our cooperation will continue to be fruitful and intensive in the future."

Uzbekistan has been putting a lot of effort into taking care of children and teenagers' health. The country makes available sizeable funds for the improvement of material and technical resources of medical institutions, training of highly skilled specialists and introduction of modern methods and standards in medicine. The development of international cooperation in this area creates additional opportunities to help our children become fitter, socially adapted and full-fledged members of society.

Founded in 1967, Friedensdorf International operates in over 35 countries around the world. It is dedicated to providing assistance in the treatment and rehabilitation of children suffering from diseases. A cooperation agreement with the Ministry of Health of Uzbekistan was signed in 2002. In the 13 years of effective, over 300 children have been treated in Germany. Presently, another 24 children are in various stages of treatment in Germany.